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Reduce risk on World Cancer Day

WITH World Cancer Day upon us, now is the time to reflect on what you could be doing to avoid your risk of cancer with help from our definitive his and her checklist.

 

For the men ....

Skin

Your skin should be checked by your GP or dermatologist every 6-12 months, particularly if you have sun damaged skin or have had a skin cancer or melanoma before. It is also important to regularly look at your skin so you are aware of new sports or changes.

Bowel (colorectal)

The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program aims to reduce detect bowel cancer in its early stages through population screening using the Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT).

All Australians turning 50, 55 and 65 years of age receive a FOBT kit under the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program.

Prostate

Men should discuss finding prostate cancer early with their doctor and make an informed decision.

The tests available for the early detection of prostate cancer are the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test and the Digital Rectal Examination.

All cancers

Men aged over 40 years are encouraged to visit their GP annually for a general check-up and to discuss any health concerns they might have now or in the future.

If men notice any changes to their body which are unusual or not easily explained, such as changes to toilet habits or unexplained weight loss or gain, they should see their GP as a priority.

 

For the women...

Skin

Your skin should be checked by your GP or dermatologist every 6-12 months, particularly if you have sun damaged skin or have had a skin cancer or melanoma before. It is also important to regularly look at your skin so you are aware of new sports or changes.

Bowel (colorectal)

The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program aims to reduce detect bowel cancer in its early stages through population screening using the Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT).

All Australians turning 50, 55 and 65 years of age receive a FOBT kit under the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program.

Breast

Women aged 50-69 years should have a mammogram every two years through BreastScreen Australia. Mammography is not recommended for women under the age of 40, however if there are serious concerns they may choose to attend BreastScreen Australia. Women aged over 70 should discuss the role of continuing mammography with their doctor.  Women should be 'breast aware' by familiarising themselves with the normal look and feel of their breasts and should see a doctor immediately if they notice any unusual breast changes.

Cervical

All women aged 18 to 70 years of age are recommended to have a Pap smear test every two years as part of the National Cervical Screening Program. Screening should commence at age 18 to 20, or one to two years after commencing sexual activity. The vaccine to protect against cervical cancer, Gardasil, has been administered as part of Queensland Health's school-based vaccination program. The vaccine is provided to female students with parental consent and is now available on the PBS.

All cancers

Women aged over 40 years are encouraged to visit their GP annually for a general check-up and to discuss any health concerns they might have. Gynaecological cancer is cancer of the female reproductive organs including the uterus, ovaries, cervix, vulva or vagina and if found and treated early, there is an increased chance of surviving the disease.

Women should consult their GP about the following:

  • Increased abdominal size or bloating 
  • Unexplained abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Feeling full and/or difficulty eating 
  • Increased urinary urgency or change in bowel habits
  • Change in your bowel habits 
  • Unexplained weight gain or loss 
  • Vaginal bleeding 
  • Back pain 
  • Indigestion or nausea 
  • Excessive fatigue

 

 

This information was provided by Cancer Council Queensland.

Topics:  cancer, check list


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